The Buen Retiro gardens were created by Felipe IV in the 17th century as a recreational estate for the kings of the House of Austria. Later, in the reign of Ferdinand VII, the replanting of the park begins, the House of Fieras, the Real Embarcadero )Royal Jetty) and the Garden of Caprichos or Reserved, of which there are some buildings such as the Artificial Mountain and the Fisherman’s House.
It was used as a fortress and quartering by the French military during the War of Independence, which caused successive demolitions of the site and numerous damage. The remodeling, added to the urban expansion of the city during the 19th century, created the current appearance of El Retiro. Once enabled, it becomes part of the municipal heritage, opening to the enjoyment of the people of Madrid.
El Retiro has hosted several international exhibitions, of which emblematic buildings such as Palacio de Cristal (Crystal Palace) and Palacio de Velázquez have remained.
At present it has been declared a Historic Artistic Garden, being one of the green lungs that make up the rich cultural heritage of Madrid. Ideal for sports, long walks, enjoy the green areas. The Big Pond, the estuaries, the ponds and fountains, harmoniously adorn the extension of the Gardens. You can take pleasant walks in their boats, and enjoy the varied artistic and musical exhibitions of multiple street artists. Its recreation and recreation areas, like many parts of our city, offer guaranteed security by the municipal police of the city.
It is an ideal area to study outdoors and fun for many students and young people in Madrid.